Thursday, February 3, 2011

Installing MySQL 5.5.8, Apache 2.2.17, and PHP 5.3.5 on Snow Leopard

This was way more of a struggle than I was looking for, especially compiling PHP, so I thought I'd share what worked for me in case somebody else runs into the same problems. Initially, I just hoped to update PHP 5.2.9 to 5.3.5, but I immediately ran into issues so I just updated everything. This was all for an effort to get an instance of SugarCRM 6.1.1 running and it would have been easier to just grab their FastStack installers (http://www.sugarcrm.com/crm/download/sugar-suite.html#installers), but I have other PHP/Apache projects I need to support.

Updating to MySQL 5.5.8

Super easy as I had MySQL 5.0.45 installed previously. Just went to http://www.mysql.com/downloads/ and grabbed the tar.gz file. After mysqldump'ing my old databases I simply ran these steps:

sudo mv ~/Downloads/mysql-5.5.8-osx10.6-x86_64.tar.gz /usr/local
cd /usr/local/
sudo tar -xvf mysql-5.5.8-osx10.6-x86_64.tar.gz
sudo ln -s /usr/local/mysql-5.5.8-osx10.6-x86_64 mysql
cd mysql
sudo chown -R _mysql .
sudo chgrp -R _mysql .
scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql
sudo chown -R root .
sudo chown -R _mysql data
sudo /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql

I then reimported my data by opening a mysql prompt, creating the database, exiting, and then reimporting my data with mysql -u root -p db name < mysqldump file

Installing Apache 2.2.17

I was upgrading from Apache 2.2.5, but I don't use a lot of compiled modules so this was also straightforward. First grab the latest apache at http://httpd.apache.org/download.cgi Then do:

sudo su
mv ~/httpd-2.2.17.tar.gz /usr/local/src
cd /usr/local/src
tar -xvf httpd-2.2.17.tar.gz
cd httpd-2.2.17
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache2
make
sudo make install

This puts everything in /usr/local/apache2.


Installing PHP 5.3.5

This was the biggy and the reason for this post. I use a number of PHP modules: apxs, mysql, zlib, curl, mbstring, soap, openssl, and iconv. iconv was the initial pain.

Updating iconv

First, get the latest PHP release http://www.php.net/downloads.php. I originally was trying to configure with this (note this is stored in config.nice so I tend to edit that directly rather than typing these long strings on the command line):

./configure' \
'--with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs' \
'--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql' \
'--enable-mbstring' \
'--with-zlib' \
'--with-iconv=/sw' \
'--with-curl=/sw' \
"$@"

This immediately spit out:

checking for iconv support... yes
checking for libiconv in -liconv... no
checking for iconv in -liconv... no
configure: error: Please reinstall the iconv library.

This config definitely used to work (I have a PHP 5.2.9 install to prove it), but one of the OS updates must have changed something somewhere. I'm pretty sure I previously installed iconv with fink, but I've sort of given up on using it all the time in favor of compiling things myself. I got make to run through by changing '--with-iconv=/sw' to use '--with-iconv=/usr', but then immediately failed with this:

php5.bundle libs/libphp5.so
Undefined symbols:
"_libiconv_open", referenced from:
__php_iconv_strlen in iconv.o
_php_iconv_string in iconv.o

I continued to hunt and peck for awhile and did a bunch of mindless trial and error. Here's what eventually worked for getting through iconv (I had more problems, which I fixed below):


  1. Download a new iconv at http://www.gnu.org/software/libiconv/#downloading. After getting the software and extracting it I ran:
    ./configure --prefix=/usr/local
    make
    make install
  2. I had to manually edit one of PHP's files, "php-5.3.5/ext/iconv/iconv.c" changing
    #if defined(HAVE_LIBICONV) &amp;&amp; defined(ICONV_ALIASED_LIBICONV)
    #define iconv libiconv
    #endif
    to
    #if defined(HAVE_LIBICONV) &amp;&amp; defined(ICONV_ALIASED_LIBICONV)
    #define iconv iconv
    #endif
  3. I then modified the configure to contain '--with-iconv-dir=/usr/local'

This got the iconv portion working, but I immediately ran into library issues with mysql.

Fixing MySQL

Here was my initial error:

libs/libphp5.bundle libs/libphp5.so
Undefined symbols:
"_res_9_dn_expand", referenced from:
_php_parserr in dns.o
_php_parserr in dns.o

This was a linker issue that was solved by making a few additions to the configure command in config.nice:

CFLAGS='-arch x86_64' \
CXXFLAGS='-arch x86_64' \
LIBS='-lresolv' \
'./configure' \
'--with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs' \
'--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql' \
'--with-iconv=/usr/local' \
'--enable-mbstring' \
'--with-zlib' \
'--with-curl=/sw' \
"$@"

Immediately ran into another error, which was, thankfully, the last hurdle.

libs/libphp5.bundle libs/libphp5.so
Generating phar.phar
dyld: Library not loaded: libmysqlclient.16.dylib
Referenced from: /usr/local/src/php-5.3.5/sapi/cli/php
Reason: image not found
make: *** [ext/phar/phar.phar] Trace/BPT trap

I was able to fix the "make" step by adding "/usr/local/mysql" to my DYDL_LIBRARY_PATH, but "make install" then failed:

Installing PEAR environment: /usr/local/lib/php/
dyld: Library not loaded: libmysqlclient.16.dylib
Referenced from: /usr/local/src/php-5.3.5/sapi/cli/php
Reason: image not found
make[1]: *** [install-pear-installer] Trace/BPT trap
make: *** [install-pear] Error 2

Much more unsuccessful hunting and pecking insued, followed by figuring out the path of mysql shared library was missing. Here was the initial otool output:

$ otool -DX /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.16.dylib
libmysqlclient.16.dylib

Which I fixed by running:

$ sudo install_name_tool -id /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.16.dylib /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.dylib

otool then spit out the full path:

$ otool -DX /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.16.dylib
/usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.16.dylib

This was the ticket for me. No doubt I glossed over all the root causes of these problems. Don't forget to run make clean. Whew!

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